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Titel
Estonia and the European Monetary Union : are there benefits from a "late" accession? / Timo Baas
VerfasserBaas, Timo
ErschienenBochum : RWI, 2014
Umfang40 S. : graph. Darst.
SerieRuhr economic papers ; 489
SchlagwörterEstland / Europäische Union / Währungsunion / Mitgliedsstaaten / Online-Ressource
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:6:2-41391 
DOI10.4419/86788558 
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Estonia and the European Monetary Union [0.9 mb]
Zusammenfassung

The failure of the Maastricht criteria delayed Estonias accession to the European Monetary Union (EMU) until January 2011. During this time, trading shares with Eurozone countries declined, raising questions about the optimal accession time. In this study, the macroeconomic eff ects of introducing a common currency are analyzed by considering the state of the economy in diff erent years of accession. By accounting for currency conversion costs and in-house costs, we show that the trade eff ects of the EMU depend on the year of accession. In summary, a "late" accession induces higher benefi ts in terms of an increase in GDP, private consumption, and investment. However, the additional investment demand for building up capital stock in export industries is much higher in the "late" accession scenario. If foreign savings are not adjusted optimally, the "early" accession scenario might be beneficial

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