Inequality of opportunity in retirement age : the role of physical job demands / Matthias Giesecke and Sarah Okoampah
VerfasserGiesecke, Matthias In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen ; Okoampah, Sarah In der Gemeinsamen Normdatei der DNB nachschlagen
ErschienenBochum : RWI, 2014
Umfang25 S. : graph. Darst.
SerieRuhr economic papers ; 492
SchlagwörterDeutschland In Wikipedia suchen nach Deutschland / Chancengleichheit In Wikipedia suchen nach Chancengleichheit / Arbeiter In Wikipedia suchen nach Arbeiter / Angestellter In Wikipedia suchen nach Angestellter / Rentenalter In Wikipedia suchen nach Rentenalter / Online-Ressource In Wikipedia suchen nach Online-Ressource
URNurn:nbn:de:hbz:6:2-41419 Persistent Identifier (URN)
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Inequality of opportunity in retirement age [0.29 mb]

We quantify differences in the retirement age between manual and non-manual workers and evaluate these differences in the context of the literature on equality of opportunity. The focus is on the question how individual background during childhood transmits through physical demands of occupations on retirement ages. Individual retrospective data from the German Socio-Economic Panel are used to analyse labour force dynamics over the years 1984 to 2011. Discrete time duration models suggest that retirement ages differ substantially between manual and non-manual workers. To elaborate how such differences are explained by individual background characteristics on the one hand and effort and luck on the other hand, we make use of tests for stochastic dominance and a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition. The result is that individual background characteristics explain a share of about one third of inequality in retirement ages as transmitted through physical demands of occupations.